Adrenal Gland Hormones

The Location and Function of the Adrenal Gland

  • The adrenal glands are¬†located at the top of each kidney
  • The adrenals are divided into 2 parts known as the Adrenal cortex (outer) and the Adrenal Medulla (inner).
  • The adrenals produce hormones that function in a number of ways from controlling the body’s blood sugar levels, its stress response, metabolism and controlling blood pressure. All vital functions that contribute to ones health and wellbeing.
  • The most important adrenal hormones are: cortisol and aldosterone.
  • The adrenal glands produce adrenaline
  • They also produce small amounts of sex hormones called androgens. Learn more about “Androgen Deficiency”.
Adrenal Gland Hormones

The adrenal gland hormones are as follows:

Cortisol

Regulates the metabolism
Plays a role in the regulation of blood sugar levels
Regulates the body’s stress response system
Regulates the body’s immune response

Aldosterone

Helps control blood pressure
Regulation of salt and water in the body

DHEA

DHEA gets converted into androgens, estrogens and other hormones.
Plays a role in the regulation of energy, metabolism and sexual reproduction and function

Testosterone

Plays a key role in reproduction and development of adult physical characteristics
Regulates and maintains bone /muscle strength

  Cortisol and its role in muscle building   |   Cortisol and Stress

Adrenal Medulla

The adrenal medulla is responsible for producing catecholamines including adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine.

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