Adrenal Gland Hormones

The Location and Function of the Adrenal Gland

  • The adrenal glands are located at the top of each kidney
  • The adrenals are divided into 2 parts known as the Adrenal cortex (outer) and the Adrenal Medulla (inner).
  • The adrenals produce hormones that function in a number of ways from controlling the body’s blood sugar levels, its stress response, metabolism and controlling blood pressure. All vital functions that contribute to one’s health and wellbeing.
  • The most important adrenal hormones are: cortisol and aldosterone.
  • The adrenal glands produce adrenaline
  • They also produce small amounts of sex hormones called androgens. Learn more about “Androgen Deficiency”.
the adrenal gland hormones and their function

The adrenal gland hormones are as follows:


Regulates the metabolism
Plays a role in the regulation of blood sugar levels
Regulates the body’s stress response system
Regulates the body’s immune response


Helps control blood pressure
Regulation of salt and water in the body


DHEA gets converted into androgens, estrogens and other hormones.
Plays a role in the regulation of energy, metabolism and sexual reproduction and function


Plays a key role in reproduction and development of adult physical characteristics
Regulates and maintains bone /muscle strength

Cortisol the Stress Hormone – What does Cortisol Do?
Cortisol and its role in muscle building   |   Cortisol Stress and Weight Gain
How to reduce high cortisol levels 

Adrenal Medulla

The adrenal medulla is responsible for producing catecholamines including adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine.

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