Hormones of the Testes

The Location and Function of the Testes

  • There are 2 testes, that are oval shaped and located behind the penis within the scrotum
  • Each testis (plural) has an attachment, which is a thin cord named the spermatic cord.
  • The spermatic cord of the testes has a number of nerves and blood vessels
  • The testes are located on the outside of the body.
  • The testes have two functions – to produce sperm and to produce hormones, particularly testosterone.
  • The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus work to control the production of male hormones.
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) which are made by the pituitary gland, are important messenger hormones which act on the testes.
Testes Gland Hormones

The testes hormones are:


Testosterone is an androgenic hormone. Testosterone is secreted by the Leydig cells. Testosterone is the key hormone responsible for the development of a males uniquely physical attributes. Testosterone is important for maintaining bone and muscle strength.

Learn what influences testosterone levels

Anti - Mullerian Hormone

Anti-Müllerian hormone is important in the development of the reproductive tract for the male foetus.
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