Hormones of the Testes

The Location and Function of the Testes

  • There are 2 testes, that are oval shaped and located behind the penis within the scrotum
  • Each testis (plural) has an attachment, which is a thin cord named the spermatic cord.
  • The spermatic cord of the testes has a number of nerves and blood vessels
  • The testes are located on the outside of the body.
  • The testes have two functions – to produce sperm and to produce hormones, particularly testosterone.
  • The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus work to control the production of male hormones.
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) which are made by the pituitary gland, are important messenger hormones which act on the testes.
hormones of the testes - function

The testes hormones are:


Testosterone is an androgenic hormone. Testosterone is secreted by the Leydig cells. Testosterone is the key hormone responsible for the development of a males uniquely physical attributes. Testosterone is important for maintaining bone and muscle strength.

Learn what influences testosterone levels

Anti - Mullerian Hormone

Anti-Müllerian hormone is important in the development of the reproductive tract for the male foetus.
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