Hormones of the Body
There are a significant number of hormones of the body, all which hold a very special role assigned to in the body.
List of hormones in the body and their primary function
Hypothalamus – Endocrine Gland
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)
Stimulation of the thyroid gland results in the synthesis of T3 & T4 hormones
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)
Stimulation of the adrenal gland cortex secretes glucose and mineral corticoids
Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)
Stimulation produces growth hormone
Growth hormone inhibitory hormone (GHIH) (somatostatin)
This hormone inhibits the release of growth hormone, TSH and insulin d
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is also referred to as luteinising hormone releasing hormone.
Controls the release of FSH and LH
Dopamine or prolactin-inhibiting factor (PIF)
Inhibition of prolactin secretion.
Anterior Pituitary Gland – Endocrine Gland
Growth is stimulated by the anterior pituitary¬†gland
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
This hormone releases T3 & T4
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Stimulates adrenal cortex to produce
Stimulates milk formation
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Stimulation results in the production of sperms in male and Ova in females.
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Forms the ova in females & produces testosterone
Posterior Pituitary Gland – Endocrine Gland
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (vasopressin)
Limits the water expulsion by the kidney. Constricts blood vessels and produces a rise in blood pressure
Affects women who are pregnant with the onset of contractions when the baby is ready to be delivered. Mood enhancer often called the Love Hormone
Intermediate Pituitary Gland – Endocrine Gland
Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone
Stimulates the production of melanin in the skin which acts as a buffer against UV damage and causes skin pigmentation.
Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Gland
Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)
Regulation of body metabolism and¬†temperature
Calcitonin (Vitamin D)
Reduction of blood calcium, deposition in bone, decrease in intestinal absorption and expulsion by the kidney.
Adrenal Cortex – Endocrine Gland
Increases blood sugar levels and suppress immune system
Adrenal Medulla – Endocrine Gland
Glucagon (őĪ cells)
Helps absorb glucose into liver to form glycogen
When insulin and glucagon levels are at higher levels than normal, the secretion of somatostatin maintains ¬†glucose and salt¬†balance in the blood.
Menstruation, Aids zygote implantation, Lactation & sexual drive
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
Kidney – Endocrine¬†Organ
Helps maintain blood volume and there by blood pressure
Rises Blood calcium levels kidney/nephron
Stimulates formation of red blood cells.
Heart Muscle – Endocrine¬†Organ
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)
balance of water, sodium, potassium and fat in body
Stomach – Endocrine¬†Organ
To secrete gastric juice
Small Intestine – Endocrine¬†Organ
Water levels and water balance in body
Stimulates fat and protein digestion in the intestine.
Adipose (Fat Cells)- Endocrine¬†Organ
Regulates energy balance. Inhibits hunger if needed
Gastro intestine – Endocrine¬†Organ
Stimulates hunger Gastro intestine
Endocrine diseases are typically a result of a hormonal imbalance which often can be rectified by hormonal supplementation. It is important to know your own body and to be aware of what symptoms appear – particularly as you age, so you can alert your medical doctor and obtain hormone testing.