Hormones of the Body

There are a significant number of hormones of the body, all which hold a very special role assigned to in the body.

List of hormones in the body and their primary function

Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)
Stimulation of the thyroid gland results in the synthesis of T3 & T4 hormones

T3 and T4 control metabolism, and this is for every cell in the body.

Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)
Stimulation of the adrenal gland cortex secretes glucose and mineral corticoids

Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)
Stimulation produces growth hormone. It is released in pulses. Promotion of slow wave sleep. Has regulatory effects on carbs, protein and fat metabolism.

Growth hormone inhibitory hormone (GHIH) (somatostatin)
This hormone inhibits the release of growth hormone, TSH and insulin. This hormone is a peptide hormone that regulates the hormonal system. Somatostatin inhibits the secretion of glucagon. 

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is also referred to as luteinising hormone releasing hormone.
Controls the release of FSH and LH

Dopamine or prolactin-inhibiting factor (PIF)
Inhibition of prolactin secretion.

Growth hormone
Growth is stimulated by the anterior pituitary gland

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
This hormone releases T3 & T4

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Stimulates adrenal cortex to produce

Stimulates milk formation

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Stimulation results in the production of sperms in male and Ova in females.

Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Forms the ova in females & produces testosterone

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (vasopressin)
Limits the water expulsion by the kidney. Constricts blood vessels and produces a rise in blood pressure

Oxytocin hormone
Affects women who are pregnant with the onset of contractions when the baby is ready to be delivered. Mood enhancer often called the Love Hormone

Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone
Stimulates the production of melanin in the skin which acts as a buffer against UV damage and causes skin pigmentation.

Thyroid Gland – Endocrine Gland
Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)
Regulation of body metabolism and temperature

Calcitonin (Vitamin D)
Reduction of blood calcium, deposition in bone, decrease in intestinal absorption and expulsion by the kidney.

Increases blood sugar levels and suppress immune system



Norepinephrine, epinephrine
Insulin (ő≤ cells)
Helps absorb glucose from blood to tissue and also release from liver

Glucagon (őĪ cells)
Helps absorb glucose into liver to form glycogen

When insulin and glucagon levels are at higher levels than normal, the secretion of somatostatin maintains glucose and salt balance in the blood.

Parathyroid hormone PTH

Builds muscles, give muscle character and also stimulate formation of sperms
Development of female reproductive system.

Menstruation, Aids zygote implantation, Lactation & sexual drive

Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
Human somatomammotropin

Helps maintain blood volume and there by blood pressure

Rises Blood calcium levels kidney/nephron

Stimulates formation of red blood cells.

Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)
balance of water, sodium, potassium and fat in body
To secrete gastric juice
Water levels and water balance in body

Cholecystokinin (CCK)
Stimulates fat and protein digestion in the intestine.

Regulates energy balance. Inhibits hunger if needed
Stimulates hunger Gastro intestine
Endocrine diseases are typically a result of a hormonal imbalance which often can be rectified by hormonal supplementation. It is important to know your own body and to be aware of what symptoms appear – particularly as you age, so you can alert your medical doctor and order hormone testing.

Types of Hormones

How Hormones Work