At approx 18 years of age our GH levels are sitting at 95% of our peak bone mass. But we age, and with ageing you can anticipate bone degeneration. At the age of 30, growth hormone levels are on their decline and with this bone mineral density also suffers a decline.
To find out how much bone mineral is currently in your bones, you must undergo testing. Bone mineral density (BMD) is the measurement that identifies how much bone mineral is present in your bones.
This measurement also estimates the likelihood of you sustaining a bone fracture, from normal activity. People who have osteopenia do have lower measurements of bone mineral density, however, it is not at the stage of disease yet.
Unfortunately, the chances you may develop osteoporosis is heightened with Osteopenia, and this should serve as a warning to tend to your bone health swiftly.
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that causes fractures, stooped posture, and can lead to severe pain.
If you have osteopenia, ask your doctor about how to keep it from worsening so you can prevent osteoporosis.
With age, we experience bone loss which appears to occur faster than the growth of new bone
tissue. There is also a slowed down healing from bone injuries. Â Bone loss that is chronic will eventually lead to low bone mineral density or Osteopenia. Following this is the deterioration of bone tissue, which is referred to as Osteoporosis.
It is accepted that there are many nutritional and lifestyle modifications published which promote their ability
to improve oneâ€™s bone mass. However, as we age, the consequences of our lifestyle choices and genetic predispositions present themselves. It is useful to look into coupling natural treatments with other therapy options, such as peptide supplementation to improve bone health.
Osteopenia (Low Bone Mass)
Our bones are not just made up of minerals. Bone structure is also protein, and it contains connective tissues, nerves, blood vessels and in the centre â€“ bone marrow.
The minerals that are present in the bone play a key role in providing them with the strength to support the body in buffering physical stresses. The most abundant minerals found in the bones are calcium and phosphorus. These as a unit form calcium phosphate crystals.
Bones contain approximately 99 percent of the calcium and 85 percent of the phosphorus content in oneâ€™s body. Magnesium and fluoride are also featured minerals. Minerals transform the spongy bone matrix into one that is a rigid structure.
What is bone marrow?
Bone marrow is the tissue featured within the centre of our large bones. Bone marrow is where new blood cells are manufactured. There are two types of stem cells within oneâ€™s bone marrow.
- hemopoieticÂ â€“ are those that can produce blood cells
- stromalÂ â€“ are those that can produce fat, bone and cartilage.
Osteopenia â€“ Low Bone Mass and Fragility
A diagnosis of osteopenia should be a wake-up call for patient to start taking their bone health more serious. Though it is not as bad as discovering you have Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, which refers to â€śLow Bone Densityâ€ť is the halfway point between healthy bones and severe bone degeneration.
It is said that our bones are at their densest at 30 years of age. When Osteopenia occurs, patients are usually well into their 50’s. High-risk individuals will find the development of osteopenia earlier on. Some people are genetically susceptible to developing osteopenia.
Women are prone to osteopenia. Naturally,Â they already tend to have lower bone mass than men. Hormonal changes that occur during menopause increase the risk factor for women developing osteopenia, alongside men with low testosterone levels.
Preventing Osteopenia (Loss of Bone Mass)
One must take preventative measures,Â in order to nourish and protect the bone tissue, so that it does notÂ degenerate rapidly. Having a loss of bone mass makes life that much more difficult,Â with a heightened risk of injury and theÂ corresponding inactivity that follows. Just getting out of bed in the morning, or bending down to retrieve a dropped item, may deliver pain and discomfort.
Early signs of Osteopenia
Bone loss is a condition that often does not result in a patient experiencing symptoms. This makes it hard to take preventative measures if there are no signs of its existence. There are several early warning signs however that can be identified and should be investigated for accuracy.
Jaw Bone Loss
In studies involving women, jaw bone loss has been associated with lower levels of bone mineral density. This is evident in areas such as the vertebral bodies of the lumbar spine.
Studies involving postmenopausal women indicate that overall muscular strength, particularly that of grip strength had a strong association with bone mineral density.
Exercise is paramount in the prevention of bone loss. If you are not currently active, then realise this is a significant risk factor in bone mass depletion and must be rectified.
Osteoporosis has been shown to have a strong association with a decline in physical activity. Regardless if you have been sedentary for most of your life, it is not too late to begin a self-paced exercise program for the improvement of overall health and wellness.
Aches and Pains
Aches and pains are accepted as a symptom of getting older. The cause of this discomfort should always be looked into, however, because muscle and bone pain may very well be a sign of severe vitamin D deficiency.
Vitamin D is essential for bone remodelling, and many of us do not receive an adequate supply.Â Sun exposure is a rich source of vitamin D, however too often sunscreens are applied before we venture outside, and the fact is, they block vitamin d production. Experts have discovered that vitamin D deficiency has reached alarming proportions.
It has been shown that for those experiencing nightly leg cramps, this may signal that one’s calcium, potassium and magnesium, magnesium blood levels have dropped too low. If this occurs consistently, Osteopenia will develop. Take this as a surefire sign to get your bone density tested so implementation of treatment can start sooner than later.